Mirta Aguirre Carreras (18 October 1912 – 8 August 1980) was a Cuban poet, novelist, journalist and political activist. She has been called "the most important female academic and woman of letters in post-revolutionary. Aguirre joined the Cuban Communist Party in 1932. She was a contributor to Juan Ramón Jiménez's 1936 anthology of Cuban poetry. In the early 1950s she was a regular contributor to the bi-monthly Mujeres cubana [Cuban Women]. Her poetry was influenced by the criollismo of Nicolás Guillen and García Lorca's idea of the 'Romancerero gitano', which Aguirre adapted to tell stories of revolutionary achievement.